Using 3 experiments, the authors explored the role of perspective-taking in debiasing social thought. In the 1st 2 experiments, perspective-taking was contrasted with stereotype suppression as a possible strategy for achieving stereotype control. In Experiment 1, perspective-taking decreased stereotypic biases on both a conscious and a nonconscious task. In Experiment 2, perspective-taking led to both decreased stereotyping and increased overlap between representations of the self and representations of the elderly, suggesting activation and application of the self-concept in judgments of the elderly. In Experiment 3, perspective-taking reduced evidence of in-group bias in the minimal group paradigm by increasing evaluations of the out-group. The role of self-other overlap in producing prosocial outcomes and the separation of the conscious, explicit effects from the nonconscious, implicit effects of perspective-taking are discussed.

Adam Galinsky and G. Moskowitz
Journal Article
Publication Date
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Full Citation

Galinsky, Adam and G. Moskowitz
. “Perspective-taking: Decreasing stereotype expression, stereotype accessibility, and in-group favoritism.”
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
, (April 01, 2000):